Longitudinal data on the effects of learning an instrument

My new website, collecting, summarising and sharing evidence of the impact of music education

Music Education Works

SOEP study

The German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP) is believed by its authors to be the best
available longitudinal data set for studying the effects of learning a musical instrument.

Its most recent report by Adrian Hille and Jürgen Schupp, concludes that even after controlling for a large number of social background characteristics, there are strong differences in terms of cognitive and non-cognitive skills between adolescents who learned a musical instrument during childhood and those who did not. Learning a musical instrument is associated with better cognitive skills and school grades as well as higher conscientiousness, openness, and ambition. Music improves cognitive and non-cognitive skills more than twice as much as sports, theatre or dance. These effects do not differ by socio-economic status.




BENEFIT: Cognitive development
TARGET GROUP: Young people
AGE: 8-17 years
MUSIC TYPE: Learning an instrument
TYPE OF STUDY: Academic research – household panel study
PERIOD OF STUDY: Not relevant
DATE: 2013
PLACE: Germany

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